Ms. Yasemin Aslan got her B.Sc. degree in 2007 and M.Sc. degree in 2010 with high honors, both from the Middle East Technical University, Department of Statistics, Ankara, Turkey. She has been working at The Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey (TÜBİTAK), Department of Science, Technology and Innovation Policy since 2007. Her main research areas are designing and monitoring of STI policies, measuring performances of STI actors and preparing composite indices. Currently, she is the Head of Department of STI Policy and under her supervision major studies such as “secretarial duty of Supreme Council for Science and Technology chaired by the Prime Minister”, “preparation and monitoring of national strategy documents”, “preparation and monitoring of Technology Roadmaps”, “prioritization of fields/technologies” and “monitoring of STI indicators to evaluate Turkey’s STI performance at macro and micro level” have been executed. She also represents Turkey in supranational organizations such as OECD, EU and UN as a national contact point. She has coordinated the teams which have designed and implemented the Entrepreneurial and Innovative University Index for 168 universities, another performance based evaluation for 168 universities to give them overhead ratio for their R&D projects, the performance of Research Institutes supported by the Ministry of Development, an impact assessment of Turkish firms using R&D grant by using a quasi-experimental design with statistical matching.
Turkish National Research & Innovation System and Addressing Grand Challenges Turkey has further accelerated its efforts for a more effective national innovation system, by adopting a sector-oriented standpoint in the National Science, Technology and Innovation Strategy (UBTYS) 2011-2016. Main priority sectors have been identified as ICT, machinery and manufacturing, automotive, defence, space; as well as the grand challenges of the globe; namely food, energy, water and health. In these sectors, high-level prioritization groups, technology roadmaps and further prioritization studies have provided input to the recently designed call based target-oriented support mechanisms of TÜBİTAK. Turkey acknowledges that in order to have a well-functioning innovation system, ecosystem approach is crucial. At the 23rd and 28th meetings of Supreme Council for Science and Technology (SCST), chaired by the prime minister, significant decrees were taken in order to foster the “National Innovation and Entrepreneurship System” to be more effective. Based on these decrees, TÜBİTAK has introduced numerous support programs for research community to improve technology transfer offices, support universities to develop R&D strategies, increase the quality and quantity of doctorate holders and promote international incubator support mechanism. TÜBİTAK has also been preparing “The Entrepreneurial and Innovative University Index” annually since 2012; contributing to the increasing competition between universities focused on entrepreneurship and innovation.